I thought I'd throw this one out there because I was surprised to learn what a near monopoly the National Records of Scotland (Scotland's Archives) has on Scottish records, including census records.
There are censuses for Scotland every 10 years starting in 1801 (they didn't take one during WWII in 1941). Scotland has a 100-year privacy rule so the 1911 Scotland Census is the most recent census available to the public. The 1841 Scotland Census is the first year the censuses took names of residents so I'll start with options for this census. Spoiler alert: it's a tad bleak.
ScotlandsPeople - the online census website for the National Records of Scotland, i.e. a government-owned website. This is a fee site and it's not cheap. It is the only online site with an index AND images.
FindMyPast - this is a subscription site with an 1851 index, no images available
Ancestry - this is a subscription site with an 1851 index, no images available
FreeCen - this is…
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