Alabama County Marriages 1809-1950 is a free collection at FamilySearch of Alabama marriage records. “The collection consists of an index and images of marriage records created by Alabama counties for the years 1809 to 1950. The records are arranged by county, volume and date.”
“The earliest marriage bonds and licenses were usually handwritten on loose papers that were later bound into lettered volumes. Some marriage records had multiple entries on each page, while others had single records per page. Marriages were recorded by the clerk of the district court for each county from the time the county was formed. Persons desiring to marry obtained a license that they presented to the minister or other person authorized to marry, such as a justice of the peace. Once the marriage was performed, the officiator sent a return to the clerk confirming that the marriage had occurred.”
“Civil marriage records were created to legalize marital relationships and to protect the interests of the wife and other heirs to legal claims on property.”
These collections are all free to search. You’ll need to be logged in with a free FamilySearch account to search these records. It’s easy to register for a free account at FamilySearch.
What Can I Learn from Marriage Records?
Early marriage records may include:
- Name of the groom
- Name of the bride
- Maiden name of the bride
- Date of the marriage
- Event place
Later marriage records may include:
- Names of the parents or guardians of bride
- Names of the parents or guardians of groom
- Birthplaces of the bride and groom
- Residences of the bride and groom
- Age and races of the bride and groom
- Marital status of the bride and groom
How Can Marriage Records Help Me Find Other Records?
With information from these records you may be able to:
- Use the age to calculate a birth date and to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land or death records
- Use the information to find additional family members. Witnesses or bondsmen were usually relatives
- Search for the family in county records where they married