Alabama Minority Records online include African American records, Native American records, and other ethnic groups or minorities. This is a preliminary list.

 

Also see:

Alabama Immigration Records online

 

 

TIP – Login with your free FamilySearch account to unlock some collections — see other tips for opening FS resources.

 

KEY to collections

 

 

Alabama Minority Records at the federal and state level

US – African American – Discover Freedmen, at FS (searches FS Freedmen’s Bureau records)

US – United States, Indenture and Manumission Records, 1780-1939, at FS

US – African American – United States Freedmen’s Bureau Miscellaneous Records,1865-1872, at FS

US – African American – United States Freedmen’s Bureau, Records of Freedmen, 1865-1872, at FS

US – African American – United States, Freedman’s Bank Records, 1865-1874, at FS

US – African American – United States, Freedmen’s Bureau Claim Records,1865-1872, at FS

US – African American – United States, Freedmen’s Bureau Hospital and Medical Records, 1865-1872, at FS

US – African American – United States, Freedmen’s Bureau Labor Contracts, Indenture and Apprenticeship Records, 1865-1872, at FS

US – African American – United States, Freedmen’s Bureau Marriages, 1861-1872, at FS

US – African American – United States, Freedmen’s Bureau Ration Records,1865-1872, at FS

US – African American – United States, Freedmen’s Bureau Records of Persons and Articles Hired, 1865-1872, at FS

US – African American – United States, Freedmen’s Bureau, Freedmen’s Court Records, 1865-1872, at FS

US – African American – United States, Freedmen’s Bureau, Land and Property Records, 1865-1872, at FS

US – African American – United States, Freedmen’s Bureau, Records of Freedmen’s Complaints, 1865-1872, at FS

US – African American – United States, Freedmen’s Bureau, Records of the Superintendent of Education and of the Division of Education, 1865-1872, at FS

US – African American – United States, Freedmen’s Bureau Ration Records,1865-1872, index & images, at FS

US – African American – United States, Freedmen’s Bureau, Records of Freedmen’s Complaints, 1865-1872, index & images, at FS

US – African American – Alabama, Freedmen’s Bureau Field Office records, 1865-1872, at FS

US – African American – Minutes of the fourth annual session of the East Alabama Colored Musical Convention : held with New Bethel Church, White Oak Springs, Barbour County, Ala., Aug. 8,9 and 10, 1890, at FS

US – African American – Records of the field offices for the state of Alabama, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872 : NARA, RG105, M1900, at FS

US – African American – The Curry family–Alabama mulattoos (1840), at FS

US – African American – Great slave narratives, IA

US – African American – African American genealogy: a bibliography and guide to sources, at FS

US – African American – African American slave narratives Vol I, IA

US – African American – African American slave narratives Vol II, IA

US – African American – African American slave narratives Vol III, IA

US – African American – African, Americans and the Gettysburg campaign, IA

US – African American – Afro, American encyclopaedia : or, the thoughts, doings, and sayings of the race, embracing addresses, lectures, biographical sketches, sermons, poems, names of universities, colleges, seminaries, newspapers, books, and a history of the denominations, giving, FS

US – African American – Before the Mayflower : a history of the Negro in America, 1619, 1964, IA

US – African American – Black courage 1775, 1783: Documentation of Black participation in the American Revolution, IA

US – African American – Black genesis : a resource book for African, American genealogy, IA

US – African American – Black Indian genealogy research, IA

US – African American – Black slavery emancipation research in the Northern States, FS

US – African American – Compiled military service records of volunteer soldiers who served with the United States Colored Troops : 1st through 5th United States Colored Cavalry, 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (Colored), 6th United States Colored Cavalry : pamphlet describing M1817, IA

US – African American – Compiled military service records of volunteer Union Soldiers who served with the United States Colored Troops, 2nd through 7th Colored Infantry: including 3rd Tennessee Volunteers (African Descent), 6th Louisiana Infantry (African Descent), and 7th Louisiana Infantry (African Descent)., IA

US – African American – Compiled military service records of volunteer Union Soldiers who served with the United States Colored Troops, infantry organizations, 14th through 19th, IA

US – African American – Finding a place called home : a guide to African, American genealogy and historical identity, IA

US – African American – Forgotten patriots : African American and American Indian patriots of the Revolutionary War : a guide to service, sources, and studies, DAR

US – African American – Free Negro owners of slaves in the United States in 1830, together with Absentee ownership of slaves in the United States in 1830, GB

US – African American – Generations past : a selected list of sources for Afro, American genealogical research, at FS

US – African American – History of the American negro and his institutions, at FS

US – African American – History of the American Negro in the great world war : his splendid record in the battle zones of Europe, including a resume of his past services to his country in the wars of the revolution, of 1812, the war of the rebellion, the Indian wars on the front, HT

US – African American – Judicial cases concerning American slavery and the Negro (Vol. 1. Cases from the courts of England, Virginia, West Virginia, and Kentucky), at FS

US – African American – Judicial cases concerning American slavery and the Negro (Vol. 2. Cases from the courts of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee), at FS

US – African American – Judicial cases concerning American slavery and the Negro (Vol. 3. Cases from the courts of Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana), at FS

US – African American – Judicial cases concerning American slavery and the Negro (Vol. 4. Cases from the Courts of New England, the Middle States, and the District of Columbia), at FS

US – African American – Judicial cases concerning American slavery and the Negro (Vol. 5. Cases from the Courts of States North of the Ohio and west of the Mississippi Rivers, Canada and Jamaica), at FS

US – African American – List of Black servicemen compiled from the War Department collection of Revolutionary War records, at FS

US – African American – List of free black heads of families in the first census of the United States, 1790, at FS

US – African American – Memorials of Lieut. George H. Walcott, late of the 30th U.S. Colored Troops, HT

US – African American – Missing pages in American history : revealing the services of Negroes in the early wars in the United States of America, 1641, 1815, GB

US – African American – Negro population in the United States, 1790, 1915, HT

US – African American – Noted Negro women : their triumphs and activities, at FS

US – African American – Patriots of color: a peculiar beauty and merit : African Americans and Native Americans at Battle Road & Bunker Hill, HT

US – African American – Progress of a race, or, The remarkable advancement of the American Negro : from the bondage of slavery, ignorance, and poverty to the freedom of citizenship, intelligence, affluence, honor and trust, at FS

US – African American – Recollections of a colored troop, LOC

US – African American – Record of the services of the seventh regiment U.S. colored troups, at FS

US – African American – Reminiscences of my life in camp with the 33rd United States Colored Troops, late 1st S.C. Volunteers, GB

US – African American – Report to the Freedmen’s Inquiry Commission, 1864 : the refugees from slavery in Canada West, HT

US – African American – Services of colored Americans in the wars of 1776 and 1812, at FS

US – African American – Slavery in the courtroom: an annotated bibliography of American cases, HT

US – African American – The colored patriots of the American Revolution, GB

US – African American – The colored patriots of the American Revolution, with sketches of several distinguished colored persons : to which is added a brief survey of the condition and prospects of colored Americans, GB

US – African American – The Forty, Third Regiment United States Colored Troops, Gutenberg

US – African American – The National cyclopedia of the colored race, GB

US – African American – The negro as a soldier in the war of the rebellion, LOC

US – African American – The Negro soldier : a select compilation, at FS

US – African American – The underground rail road : a record of facts, authentic narratives, letters, &c. narrating the hardships hair, breadth escapes and death struggles of the slaves in their efforts for freedom, as related by themselves and others, or witnessed by the author, HathiTrust

US – African American – The Underground railroad from slavery to freedom, Gutenberg

US – African American – Two colored women with the American Expeditionary Forces, at FS

US – African American – Who’s who in colored America : an illustrated biographical directory of nolable living persons of African descent in the United States, at FS

US – Japanese American – United States, War Relocation Authority centers, final accountability rosters, 1942-1946, index & images, at FS

US – Minority Records – United States, Obituaries, American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1899-2012, index & images, at FS

US – Native American – United States, Native American, Census Rolls, 1885-1940, index links to images, at FS

US – Native American – United States, Native American, Eastern Cherokee Enrollment Records, 1908-1910, index links to images, at FS

US – Native American – United States, Native American, Eastern Cherokee Indian Reservation Rolls, 1848-1970, index & images, at FS

US – Native American – Cherokee Nation east, roll of 1835, at FS

US – Native American – A combination of a sketch of the Creek country, in the years 1798 and 1799 : and, Letters of Benjamin Hawkins, 1796-1806, at FS

US – Native American – Index to the 1835 census of the Cherokee Indians east of the Mississippi River, at FS

US – Native American – Memorial of the inhabitants in the Cherokee country : State Department records, endorsed August, 1819, at FS

US – Native American – Red Eagle and the wars with the Creek Indians of Alabama, at FS

US – Native American – Report of the Alabama History Commission to the governor of Alabama, December 1, 1900, at FS

US – Native American – A sketch of the Creek country, in the years 1798 and 1799, and, letters of Benjamin Hawkins, 1796-1806, at FS

US – Native American – Tribal officers, 1866-1914, Financial records of Tribal Officers, 1905-1913 and National Council, 1820-1907, at FS

US – Native American – Woodward’s reminiscences of the Creek, or Muscogee Indians : contained in letters to friends in Georgia and Alabama, at FS

US – Native American – Registers of some of the descendants of the Creek Indians, at FS

US – Native American – History of Alabama, and incidentally of Georgia and Mississippi, from the earliest period, at FS

US – Native American – Index to Woodward’s reminiscences of the Creek or Muscogee Indians, at FS

US – Native American – U.S. Court of Claims No. 12742: The Choctaw Nation vs. the United States (Volume I), at IA

US – Native American – U.S. Court of Claims No. 12742: The Choctaw Nation vs. the United States (Volume II), at IA

US – Native American – U.S., Ratified Indian Treaties and Chiefs, 1722-1869, at Anc$

US – Native American – U.S., Cherokee Baker Roll and Records, 1924-1929, at Anc$

Alabama – African American – 110th Regiment Colored Infantry, at GT

Alabama – African American – 111th Regiment Colored Infantry, at GT

Alabama – African American – 1st Regiment Colored Infantry/ 55th U.S. Colored Troops, at GT

Alabama – African American – 7th Regiment Colored Infantry/ 11th Regiment, at GT

Alabama – African American – A.G. Gaston Motel, at SP

Alabama – African American – African-American Cemeteries and Obituaries, at BC

Alabama – African American – Alabama Slave Owners, at AG

Alabama – African American – Alabama Supreme Court on Slaves, at AU

Alabama – African American – Appraisement & Inventory of the Estate of W.R. Rand (slaves owned by W.R. Rand in Dallas County, AL)

Alabama – African American – The Freedom Riders, Then and Now, at SM

Alabama – African American – Thomas Blackmon Will, at USGWA

Alabama – African American – Tuskegee Airmen, at TA

Alabama – African American – Tuskegee Airmen, Inc., at TA

Alabama – African American – Welcome to Alabama African American Marriages, at RW

Alabama – African American – Will of Jethro Barnes, Fayette & Greene, Alabama, at USGWA

Alabama – African American – Will of Joseph Morgan, at RW

Alabama – African American – Will of William Fitzgerald, at RW

Alabama – African American – Report of the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States, made to the two Houses of Congress February 19, 1879, at IA

Alabama – African American – Report of the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States, made to the two Houses of Congress February 19, 1880, at IA

Alabama – African American – Report of the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States, made to the two Houses of Congress February 19, 1881, at IA

Alabama – African American – Slavery in Auburn, Alabama, at FS

Alabama – African American – The Cyclopedia of the colored Baptists of Alabama, their leaders and their work, at IA

Alabama – African American – The large slaveholders of the deep South, 1860, at FS

Alabama – African American – No land — only slaves (Vol. 6), at FS

Alabama – African American – No land — only slaves (Vol. 18), at FS

Alabama – African American –Alabama, Freedmen’s Bureau Field Office records, 1865-1872, at FS

Alabama – African American –Alabama, WPA life histories, stories, ex-slave tales, and short stories, at FS

Alabama – African American –H.C. Nixon papers, 1912-1913, at FS

Alabama – African American –The large slaveholders of the deep South, 1860, at FS

Alabama – African American –Original Spanish, French and English documents, 1788-1798; index, 1788-1798, 1788-1798, at FS

Alabama – African American –Owsley charts : master charts compiled from the unpublished census, 1850-1860, at FS

Alabama – African American –Records of ante-bellum Southern plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War : Series J, Selections from the Southern Historical Collection, Manuscripts Department, Library of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, at FS

Alabama – African American –Records of the Assistant Commissioner for Alabama, 1865-1870 : NARA, RG105, M809, at FS

Alabama – African American –Records of the field offices for the state of Alabama, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872 : NARA, RG105, M1900, at FS

Alabama – African American –Records of the Superintendent of Education for the state of Alabama, 1865-1870 : NARA, RG105, M810, at FS

 

 

 

Alabama Minority Records at the county level

Autauga County – African American – Autauga County, AL Largest Slaveholders from 1860 Slave Census Schedules & Surname Matches (surname matches for African Americans on 1870 census), at RW

Autauga County – African American – 1866 Alabama State Census: Colored Population, Autauga County, AL, at AG

Autauga County – Slavery Records – Autauga County Slavery Records online, at GTHG

Baldwin County – African American – Baldwin County, AL Largest Slaveholders from 1860 Slave Census Schedules & Surname Matches (surname matches for African Americans on 1870 census), at RW

Bibb County – African American – 1866 Bibb County, Alabama State Census, at TYR

Blount County – African American – 1866 Alabama State Census: Colored Population, Blount County, AL, at HC

Blount County – Slavery Records – Blount County Slavery Records online, at GTHG

Bullock County – Native American – Bullock County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Butler County – Ethnic – Butler County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Cherokee County – African American, American Indian – Cherokee County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Choctaw County – African American, Slave – Choctaw County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Choctaw County – African American – Black Cemeteries (Choctaw County), at RW

Clarke County – Slavery Records – Clarke County Slavery Records online, at GTHG

Clay County – African American – Clay County African American online, at GTHG

Coffee County – African American – Coffee County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Colbert County – African American, Native American – Colbert County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Colbert County – Slavery Records – Colbert County Slavery Records online, at GTHG

Coosa County – Ethnic Links – Coosa County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Coosa County – Native Races – Tract Book, 1832-1890, at FS

Dallas County – Slave Records – Dallas County GenWeb Archives, at AGWA

Dallas County – African American – 1866 Alabama State Census: Colored Population, Dallas County, AL, at AG

Dallas County – Slavery Records – Dallas County Slavery Records online, at GTHG

Elmore County – African American, Native American – Elmore County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Escambia County – Native Races – Article from the Memphis Press-Scimitar September, 13, 1966 : Indians Hunting Documents on Ancestry, Atmore, Ala., at FS

Fayette County – African American – 1866 Alabama State Census: Colored Population, Fayette County, AL, at AG

Franklin County – African American, Native American – Franklin County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Geneva County – African American – Geneva County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Hale County – African American – 1870 Federal Census Black and Mulatto Households Hale County, AL, at AG

Hancock County – African American – 1850 Hancock County Census Slave Schedule, at FSW

Henry County – Minorities – Henry County GenWeb Archives, at AGWA

Henry County – Minorities – Henry County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Jackson County – Native American – Jackson County Native American online, at GTHG

Jefferson County – Slavery Records – Jefferson County Slavery Records online, at GTHG

Lamar County – African American – Lamar County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Lauderdale County – Ethnic – Lauderdale County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Lauderdale County – African American – Lauderdale County, Alabama African American, at RW

Lawrence County – African American – 1860 Lawrence County Slave Schedule, at RW

Lee County – Slavery Records – Lee County Slavery Records online, at GTHG

Limestone County – Slave Records – Limestone County GenWeb Archives, at AGWA

Limestone County – African American – Limestone County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Lowndes County – Slave Records – Lowndes County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Madison County – Slave Records – Madison County GenWeb Archives, at AGWA

Madison County – Native American – Madison County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Marengo County – Native American – Marengo County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Marion County – Slavery Records – Marion County Slavery Records online, at GTHG

Mobile County – African American – Mobile County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Morgan County – Slaves & Owners – Morgan County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Perry County – Slave Records – Perry County GenWeb Archives, at AGWA

Perry County – African American – 1860 United States Slave Census, Perry County, Alabama, at USC

Pickens County – African American – Pickens County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Pickens County – Slavery Records – Pickens County Slavery Records online, at GTHG

Sumter County – African American, Native American – Sumter County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Sumter County – African American – 1866 Alabama State Census: Colored Population, Sumter County, AL, at AG

Talladega County – African American, Native American – Talladega County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Tallapoosa County – Native American – Tallapoosa County Native American online, at GTHG

Tuscaloosa County – Slave Records – Tuscaloosa County GenWeb Archives, at AGWA

Tuscaloosa County – Slavery Records – Tuscaloosa County Slavery Records online, at GTHG

Washington County – African American – Washington County GenWeb Records, at AGW

Washington County – Public Records – Bonds, Manumissions, Slave Sales, Probate Records, 1800-1850, at FS

Wilcox County – African American – 1866 Alabama State Census: Colored Population, Wilcox County, AL, at AG

Wilcox County – African American – Last Will of George Daniel Christian – 1830 (slaves owned by George Daniel Christian in Wilcox County, AL)

Winston County – African American – 1860 Winston County Census Slave Schedule, at FSW

 

 

 

 

Alabama Minority Records at the city level

Birmingham – Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, most of the collections in this listing apply to African Americans, at ADAH

Birmingham – Black Barons, at BPL

Birmingham – Birmingham Black Radio Museum, at BPL

Birmingham – Civil Rights Movement in Alabama, at BPL

Birmingham – African American – Birmingham Civil Rights Institute

Birmingham – African American – Birmingham Public Library Digital Collections: African American

Birmingham – African American – Birmingham Black Barons – one of the most successful baseball teams in the Negro Leagues, played from the 1920’s until the 1950’s. The team played their home games at Rickwood Field. This database is a keyword index to articles that appeared in local newspapers including the Birmingham News, the Birmingham Worldand the Birmingham Reporter. The Government Documents Department of the Birmingham Public Library is compiling this database which is being updated regularly. Database Coverage (as of May 01, 2019) 1827 entries from 1919 to 1962, at BPL

Birmingham – African American – Scrapbooks – The Scrapbooks Collection is compiled of newspaper clippings covering different historical events in Alabama, Mississippi, and other states in the nation, at BPL

Huntsville – Church History – St. Bartley Primitive Baptist Church, at BP

Huntsville – Minorities – Registers of Signatures of Depositors, 1865-1874, at FS

Mobile – Minorities – Registers of Signatures of Depositors, 1867-1874, at FS

Montgomery – Church History – Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, at BP

Wetumpka – Native Races – Tract Book, 1832-1890, at FS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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