The Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center hosts cemetery records, school records, maps, and more pertaining to the Carlisle Indian School. Included are collections related to the Indian School, hosted by other sites.

 

 

 

 

Birth Marriage and Death records #OnGenealogy

Birth, Marriage, & Death Records

 

Cemeteries

  • Search Cemetery Information – The Cemetery Information resource is a compilation of data and a variety of primary sources about each person buried in the Carlisle Indian School cemetery. Use the table below to find information on each person interred, including the date of decease, plot location, and primary documents regarding the death and burial. Search through our collection of additional content for more information on the cemetery, including an aerial map, a comparative table, and resources on the history of the cemetery.
  • Explore the Modern Cemetery: Interactive Map – Use this aerial map of the Carlisle Indian School cemetery to find the location of each headstone (between 1927 and July 2017), and information on the person buried in that plot.
  • Compare Headstones and Records: Tables – These downloadable tables, representing information accurate between 1927 and July 2017, show the information presented on each headstone with the same information as found in the records from the Carlisle Indian School.
  • Resources for Cemetery History – This section includes maps of the original and modern Carlisle Indian School cemeteries, a brief history of the cemetery, and citations for further reading.

 

Obituaries

  • Brockey (Charles Walter Buck) papers at Dickinson College – This collection contains 11 images believed to be owned by Brockey (Blackfeet Piegan), also known as Charles Walter Buck, and his first wife, Spyna Deveraux, both of whom attended the Carlisle Indian School. The collection also contains a copy of the Glacier County Chief, in which his extensive obituary is printed.

 

 

 

 

 

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Residence Records

 

Maps

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Daily Life Records school work church court government library social life #OnGenealogy

Daily Records

 

Biography

  • Finding the Lost Ones – This website features interactive storyboard content chronicling the lives of Jack and Kesetta (Lipan Apache), also known as the “Lost Ones.” Audio and video content is combined with dynamic images and mapping to highlight various elements of Jack and Kesetta’s lives, as well as the story of Kesetta’s son Richard.

 

 

Libraries, Museums, & Archives

  • Carlisle Indian School Symposium – The Carlisle Indian School Symposium was held with the hope of “bring[ing] together Native and non-Native scholars, leaders, artists, and community members to share their work, concerns, and perspectives.” To view videos, photographs, reflections, the program from the symposium, and more select the link to the site above.
  • Carlisle Indian School Virtual Tour – “Barbara Landis, Cumberland County Historical Society CIIS Specialist, presents a virtual tour of the Carlisle Indian School.”
  • Xwi7xwa Library at the University of British Columbia – Xwi7xwa Library, located at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, is the only Aboriginal academic branch library in Canada, and is dedicated to the study of Indigenous peoples and experiences in Canada.

 

 

Lists and Ledgers

  • Lists and Ledgers – The Lists and Ledgers section features information drawn from various sources. In some cases, the lists are transcriptions of ledgers that were maintained by the administrative staff of the school. In other cases, they are lists compiled from numerous sources, brought together here for ease of access and ready reference purposes. These lists are all full-text searchable in order to aid discovery of individual names.Visitors to this site are free to download this information in spreadsheet form for further personal use. If you are interested in seeing the original page images for any list, please contact us. We are still in the process of determining the best way to present the full page images online, given their often unwieldy size.

 

 

Manuscript Collections

  • Documents – The Documents section features digitized copies of documents relating to the history of the school.  These documents include correspondence, graduation pamphlets, and other forms of ephemera, and have been digitized by Digital Resource Center staff.  Today, these documents are preserved in a number of locations, including the Dickinson College Archives and Special Collections as well as private collections.
  • Alfred W. Ramsey Papers at University of Notre Dame Hesburgh Libraries – Alfred Winston Ramsey (1883-1955) served as a business teacher at the Carlisle Indian School from January 1909 until November 1910. His collection of papers was acquired by the Rare Books & Special Collections department of the Hesburgh Libraries at the University of Notre Dame in 2014. The collection includes manuscripts, printed matter, photographs, and realia preserved by Ramsey, most of it ca. 1904-1913.
  • Carlisle Indian School Collection at Pennsylvania State Archives – The collection contains various pamphlets, letters, photographs, and reports describing the function of life at the Carlisle Indian School. Included are the Annual Report for 1910; copies of the Indian Helper; a letter from student Joshua Given to W.D. Blackburn on August 28, 1880; the 1906 commencement program; the 1912 program honoring Carlisle’s Olympic heroes; the 1912 catalogue; and various publications and photographs.
  • Carlisle Indian School Individual Artifacts and Oversized Items at Dickinson College – These artifacts and oversized items about the Carlisle Indian School were acquired by the Dickinson College Archives and Special Collections individually and are not part of any larger collection.
  • Carlisle Indian School Individual Items at Dickinson College – These items about the Carlisle Indian School were acquired by the Dickinson College Archives and Special Collections individually and are not part of any larger collection.
  • Carlisle Indian School papers – CIS-MC-002 at Dickinson College – This collection contains a number of items purchased as a group from Robert Rowe in 2014, and features the business papers of Milton I. Zeigler, postcards, ephemera, and publications from the Carlisle Indian School. Zeigler served as the industrial instructor for the shoe and harness department at the Carlisle Indian School from about 1901-1909.
  • Carlisle Indian School papers – CIS-MC-004 at Dickinson College – This collection contains a number of items purchased as a group from Robert Rowe in 2017, and includes a number of photographs, artifacts, and documents related to the Carlisle Indian School. The four court martials in this collection are from the year 1904, and include charges against a total of five students.
  • Carlos Montezuma Papers at the Newberry Library – Carlos Montezuma (Wassaja) (1866-1923) was a Yavapai Apache doctor who served as the resident physician at the Carlisle Indian School between 1893-1895. After leaving the Carlisle Indian School, he opened a private practice in Chicago, and became a well-known activist for Native Americans rights.
  • Carlos Montezuma Papers at the University of Arizona Special Collections Library – Carlos Montezuma (Wassaja) (1866-1923) was a Yavapai Apache doctor who served as the resident physician at the Carlisle Indian School between 1893-1895. After leaving the Carlisle Indian School, he opened a private practice in Chicago, and became a well-known activist for Native Americans rights.
  • Charles James Rhoads Papers at the American Philosophical Society – The collection also includes several letters from James E. Rhoads, employee in the Indian Service, to Richard H. Pratt of the Indian Training School, Carlisle, 1883-1894, and copies of a few letters from Pratt to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1913-1921, on Indian matters.
  • Cornelius Agnew papers at Dickinson College – This collection contains a series of letters received by Dr. Cornelius Rea Agnew, a noted surgeon from New York City who was a strong supporter of, and significant donor to, the Carlisle Indian Industrial School.
  • Dr. Ferdinand Shoemaker Papers at Buffalo Bill Center of the West McCracken Research Library – The Dr. Ferdinand Shoemaker Papers (MS 068) at the McCracken Research Library of the Buffalo Bill Center of the West contain Shoemaker’s professional papers and photographs. Shoemaker served as physician at the Carlisle Indian School from 1904 to 1910, at which point he became the Assistant Medical Supervisor of the Indian Service.
  • Richard Henry Pratt Papers at the Yale University Beinecke Library – The Richard Henry Pratt Papers at the Yale University Beinecke Library (WA MSS S-1174) includes letter-press books, writings, diaries, notes, photographs, and drawings. The papers largely relate to Pratt’s work with and theories on the education of American Indians and his involvement with the Carlisle Indian School.

 

Media

  • Indian Country Today Media Network – Owned by the Oneida Indian Nation of New York, Indian Country Today Media Network offers coverage of Native American news and is a resource for recent news about the Carlisle Indian School.
  • Indian School Outings along the Railroad – “Indian School Outings along the Railroad, Carlisle to Gettysburg” a talk by Barbara Landis, CCHS Archives and Library CIIS Specialist, for the Wednesdays in Winter program. A presentation of the Cumberland County Historical Society.

 

 

Names and Surnames

  • Barbara Landis – Carlisle Indian Industrial School Site – This website, begun in 1993, reflects the collaborative efforts of Barbara Landis and Genevieve Bell.  According to the website’s creators, their “express purpose in keeping this history alive is to encourage historians to invigorate a troubling conversation and to deliver the Carlisle Indian School student names to their respective nations.”
  • Carlisle Indian School Students Database at Gettysburg College – The Carlisle Indian School Students Database collection at Gettysburg College helps to identify students who attended the Carlisle Indian School from 1879 to 1918 and were mentioned by name in school publications. Users are able to search for students by name and locate the issue and page numbers where a student’s name appears in school publications.
  • National Archives American Indian Records Index – The National Archives American Indian Records Index provides a comprehensive list of all records housed in the National Archives for researchers interested in learning more about the Carlisle Indian School or an individual, family, or nation.

 

 

Newspapers, Magazines, Pamphlets

  • Publications
    • The Indian Helper
    • The Red Man
    • Eadle Keatah Toh
    • School News
    • The School News
    • The Indian Craftsman
    • The Morning Star

 

 

Photos/Images

  • Browse Images – The Images section features photographs, postcards, and different types of artwork, as well as reproductions of images that appeared in newspapers, magazines, and other publications. These images all reflect the Carlisle Indian School students, facilities, and staff. Images available here are drawn from files housed at the U. S. National Archives, from collections of Carlisle Indian School materials housed at various archival repositories, and from a variety of published sources. Visitors to this website are also invited to share copies of photographs from their own personal and family collections; please contact us if you have images you would like to contribute.
  • Alfred W. Ramsey Papers at University of Notre Dame Hesburgh Libraries – Alfred Winston Ramsey (1883-1955) served as a business teacher at the Carlisle Indian School from January 1909 until November 1910. His collection of papers was acquired by the Rare Books & Special Collections department of the Hesburgh Libraries at the University of Notre Dame in 2014. The collection includes manuscripts, printed matter, photographs, and realia preserved by Ramsey, most of it ca. 1904-1913.
  • Anne Ely Photograph Album in U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center Digital Collections – The Anne Ely photograph collection consists of an album of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School (CIIS). The album contains 38 cardboard leaves of medium thickness with one, or more albumen photographs attached to each side of the leaf. These images are some of the earliest images of the Indian school. Over 316 Indian students are identified by name in the album as well as their associated tribes.
  • Brockey (Charles Walter Buck) papers at Dickinson College – This collection contains 11 images believed to be owned by Brockey (Blackfeet Piegan), also known as Charles Walter Buck, and his first wife, Spyna Deveraux, both of whom attended the Carlisle Indian School. The collection also contains a copy of the Glacier County Chief, in which his extensive obituary is printed.
  • Carlisle Indian Industrial School Cyanotype Album in U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center Digital Collections – The Carlisle Indian Industrial School photograph collection consists of photographs which cover the entire period of the Indian School’s history from 1879-1918. These photos include every aspect of the Indian School’s life including Indians in their tribal attire, classrooms, fire company, bands, sports, graduations pictures, and many of the alumnus who returned to visit Carlisle Barracks in the years that followed their graduation.
  • Carlisle Indian Industrial School Red Albums in U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center Digital Collections – The Carlisle Indian Industrial School photograph collection Red Albums consists of photographs of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School. There are many photographs of buildings around the campus, some showing changes and additions over the years. There are also photographs of Richard Henry Pratt, students, and teacher who worked at the school.
  • Carlisle Indian School Collection at Pennsylvania State Archives – The collection contains various pamphlets, letters, photographs, and reports describing the function of life at the Carlisle Indian School. Included are the Annual Report for 1910; copies of the Indian Helper; a letter from student Joshua Given to W.D. Blackburn on August 28, 1880; the 1906 commencement program; the 1912 program honoring Carlisle’s Olympic heroes; the 1912 catalogue; and various publications and photographs.
  • Carlisle Indian School Images at the National Museum of the American Indian – The digital collections of the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian include five images from the collection of General Nelson A. Miles which relate to the Carlisle Indian School. These images are of various Chiricahua Apache prisoners of war sent to the Carlisle Indian School after the capture of Geronimo in 1886. The images were all taken by photographer John N. Choate, circa 1887.
  • Carlisle Indian School Individual Photographs at Dickinson College – These photographs about the Carlisle Indian School were acquired by the Dickinson College Archives and Special Collections individually and are not part of any larger collection.
  • Dr. Ferdinand Shoemaker Papers at Buffalo Bill Center of the West McCracken Research Library – The Dr. Ferdinand Shoemaker Papers (MS 068) at the McCracken Research Library of the Buffalo Bill Center of the West contain Shoemaker’s professional papers and photographs. Shoemaker served as physician at the Carlisle Indian School from 1904 to 1910, at which point he became the Assistant Medical Supervisor of the Indian Service.
  • Frances Benjamin Johnston Photograph Collection at the Library of Congress – Finding aid for photographs of the United States Indian School, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in the Frances Benjamin Johnston Collection at the Library of Congress. “Includes individual and group portraits of faculty. Classroom scenes, including art and science classes. Vocational training of women in home economics; training of men in farming, blacksmithing, shoemaking, and carpentry.
  • John Nicholas Choate Glass Plate Negative Collection at Dickinson College – This collection contains 39 glass plate negatives, dating from the 1880s, from the studio of John Nicholas Choate. Choate was a photographer based in the town of Carlisle who took thousands of images of Carlisle Indian School students, buildings, and related subjects. The images in this collection are portraits, mostly of single subjects or groups of two people. Some of the images are identified with captions.
  • Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Online Catalog – The Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Online Catalog contains digitized prints and photographs of the Carlisle Indian School and its students. Images from the Johnston (Frances Benjamin) Collection show students in class and carrying out their daily activities. Other images include photographs of students and illustrations from publications.

 

 

Schools

  • Explore Student Records – The Student Records section features digitized copies of paper records on individual students at the school. These records were maintained by the administrative offices at the school during its operation. A variety of information about each student may be found within these files, including family background and age as well as admission and discharge dates. School activities, health, outings, and post-departure activities are also frequently noted. Individuals may have multiple sets of records associated with them.
  • Lists and Ledgers – The Lists and Ledgers section features information drawn from various sources. In some cases, the lists are transcriptions of ledgers that were maintained by the administrative staff of the school. In other cases, they are lists compiled from numerous sources, brought together here for ease of access and ready reference purposes. These lists are all full-text searchable in order to aid discovery of individual names.Visitors to this site are free to download this information in spreadsheet form for further personal use. If you are interested in seeing the original page images for any list, please contact us. We are still in the process of determining the best way to present the full page images online, given their often unwieldy size.
  • Teaching Resources – The Carlisle Indian Industrial School (CIS) continues to be a major site of memory for many Native peoples across the U.S. and Canada, as well as a source of research and study for descendants, students and scholars around the globe. Tens of thousands of young people from Indian communities all across America were sent to the Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania between 1879-1918. What was the purpose, the strategy, the outcome? What can we learn from the historical record of this educational experiment about the goals of its founders, the students who were sent there, the impact on their families and communities, U.S. military and domestic policy related to Indian tribes, the history of American education, about race and ethnic relations? These teaching modules and lesson plans offer secondary and post-secondary school teachers some ideas of how to explore this history and the significant role it played in American and Native American history.
  • Alfred W. Ramsey Papers at University of Notre Dame Hesburgh Libraries – Alfred Winston Ramsey (1883-1955) served as a business teacher at the Carlisle Indian School from January 1909 until November 1910. His collection of papers was acquired by the Rare Books & Special Collections department of the Hesburgh Libraries at the University of Notre Dame in 2014. The collection includes manuscripts, printed matter, photographs, and realia preserved by Ramsey, most of it ca. 1904-1913.
  • Anne Ely Photograph Album in U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center Digital Collections – The Anne Ely photograph collection consists of an album of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School (CIIS). The album contains 38 cardboard leaves of medium thickness with one, or more albumen photographs attached to each side of the leaf. These images are some of the earliest images of the Indian school. Over 316 Indian students are identified by name in the album as well as their associated tribes.
  • Barbara Landis – Carlisle Indian Industrial School Site – This website, begun in 1993, reflects the collaborative efforts of Barbara Landis and Genevieve Bell.  According to the website’s creators, their “express purpose in keeping this history alive is to encourage historians to invigorate a troubling conversation and to deliver the Carlisle Indian School student names to their respective nations.”
  • Carlisle Indian Industrial School Cyanotype Album in U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center Digital Collections – The Carlisle Indian Industrial School photograph collection consists of photographs which cover the entire period of the Indian School’s history from 1879-1918. These photos include every aspect of the Indian School’s life including Indians in their tribal attire, classrooms, fire company, bands, sports, graduations pictures, and many of the alumnus who returned to visit Carlisle Barracks in the years that followed their graduation.
  • Carlisle Indian Industrial School Red Albums in U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center Digital Collections – The Carlisle Indian Industrial School photograph collection Red Albums consists of photographs of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School. There are many photographs of buildings around the campus, some showing changes and additions over the years. There are also photographs of Richard Henry Pratt, students, and teacher who worked at the school.
  • Carlisle Indian School Collection at Pennsylvania State Archives – The collection contains various pamphlets, letters, photographs, and reports describing the function of life at the Carlisle Indian School. Included are the Annual Report for 1910; copies of the Indian Helper; a letter from student Joshua Given to W.D. Blackburn on August 28, 1880; the 1906 commencement program; the 1912 program honoring Carlisle’s Olympic heroes; the 1912 catalogue; and various publications and photographs.
  • Carlisle Indian School Images at the National Museum of the American Indian – The digital collections of the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian include five images from the collection of General Nelson A. Miles which relate to the Carlisle Indian School. These images are of various Chiricahua Apache prisoners of war sent to the Carlisle Indian School after the capture of Geronimo in 1886. The images were all taken by photographer John N. Choate, circa 1887.
  • CCHS – Carlisle Indian Industrial School (1879-1918) – Mention “Carlisle” and invariably the response will include some reference to Jim Thorpe or the Carlisle Indian School. Founded by Richard Henry Pratt, the school was the first off-reservation government boarding school for Native American Indian children. Carlisle served as the model for dozens of schools throughout the U.S., some of which are still in existence.
  • National Archives American Indian Records Index – The National Archives American Indian Records Index provides a comprehensive list of all records housed in the National Archives for researchers interested in learning more about the Carlisle Indian School or an individual, family, or nation.
  • Records of the Carlisle Indian School at the National Archives and Records Administration – The Carlisle Indian Industrial School at Carlisle, Pennsylvania was established in 1879 and was closed in 1918. It was the first Government operated nonreservation boarding school for Indians. An outstanding feature of the school was the “outing” system, which permitted students to live and work outside the school and to attend public school while still enrolled at Carlisle.
  • Student Work from the Carlisle Indian Industrial School at the Cumberland County Historical Society – Some examples of academic work done by students while attending the Carlisle Indian Industrial School are housed in the collections of the Cumberland County Historical Society. The historical society has made some of those materials available online through their Carlisle Indian School History portal.

 

 

 

 

 

Military records Wars Veterans #OnGenealogy

Military Records

 

  • Carlisle Indian School Images at the National Museum of the American Indian – The digital collections of the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian include five images from the collection of General Nelson A. Miles which relate to the Carlisle Indian School. These images are of various Chiricahua Apache prisoners of war sent to the Carlisle Indian School after the capture of Geronimo in 1886. The images were all taken by photographer John N. Choate, circa 1887.
  • Collection on Richard H. Pratt at the U.S. Army Military History Institute – The Collection on Richard H. Pratt consists of materials collected by the U.S. Army Military History Institute documenting the life of Brigadier General Richard H. Pratt and his connection to the Carlisle Indian Industrial School. The collection spans the years 1862-1972, with the bulk of the material concentrated in the period between 1862 and circa 1931. The collection contains correspondence, personal papers, and printed materials.
  • Koba Sketchbook at Plains Indian Ledger Art Project – This sketchbook was made by Koba (Kiowa), a member of the group of 72 prisoners that Richard Henry Pratt educated at Fort Marion in Saint Augustine, Florida in the late 1870s. Koba later became a student at the Carlisle Indian School. This sketchbook includes multiple sketches related to education and captivity at Fort Marion.
  • Zotom Sketchbook at Plains Indian Ledger Art Project – This sketchbook was made by Zotom (Kiowa), a member of the group of 72 prisoners overseen by Richard Henry Pratt at Fort Marion in Saint Augustine, Florida in the late 1870s. Zotom later became a student at the Carlisle Indian School. This sketchbook includes multiple sketches related to education and captivity at Fort Marion.

 

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