District of Columbia, Freedmen’s Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872 is a free collection at FamilySearch with a name index for enslaved Americans freed after the US Civil War.


You’ll need to be logged in with a free FamilySearch account to search these records. It’s easy to register for a free account at FamilySearch.



What Can I Learn from Freedmen’s Records?


These records may include:

  • Name of slave/freed person
  • Age or birth date (these may be approximated)
  • Gender
  • Name of former owner
  • Residence
  • Marriage date
  • Names of other family members or witnesses
  • Document dates




How Can Freedmen’s Records Help Me Find Other Records?


With information from these records you may be able to:

  • Copy the citation below, in case you need to find this record again later
  • Use the age or estimated birth date to find church and vital records such as birth, baptism, marriage, and death
  • Use the information found in the record to find land, probate and immigration records
  • Use the information found in the record to find additional family members in censuses
  • Determine if the slave owner kept plantation or account records listing information about their slaves


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