District of Columbia, Freedmen’s Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872 is a free collection at FamilySearch with a name index for enslaved Americans freed after the US Civil War.
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What Can I Learn from Freedmen’s Records?
These records may include:
- Name of slave/freed person
- Age or birth date (these may be approximated)
- Name of former owner
- Marriage date
- Names of other family members or witnesses
- Document dates
How Can Freedmen’s Records Help Me Find Other Records?
With information from these records you may be able to:
- Copy the citation below, in case you need to find this record again later
- Use the age or estimated birth date to find church and vital records such as birth, baptism, marriage, and death
- Use the information found in the record to find land, probate and immigration records
- Use the information found in the record to find additional family members in censuses
- Determine if the slave owner kept plantation or account records listing information about their slaves