This is a free database for Marriage Bonds, 1779-1858 for Upper and Lower Canada (Ontario and Quebec) provided by Library and Archives Canada. Searches can be made by future husband’s surname, future husband’s given name, future wife’s surname, and future wife’s given name.
“Library and Archives Canada holds: 7,899 marriage bonds for Upper Canada (Ontario) issued between 1803 and 1865 (RG 5 B9) (MIKAN 125556)2,960 marriage bonds for Lower Canada (Quebec) issued between 1779 and 1858 (RG 4 B28) (MIKAN 125694)”
“Each bond was consulted to verify the names of the future husband and wife and the date of the bond. Each database entry is in the original language used in the documents. This information was not translated. Most marriage bonds are a one-page printed form in English. As some of the original documents are difficult to read, some information in the database may be incorrect and/or incomplete.”
“Many church indexes exist for Catholic marriages that took place in Quebec and Ontario. It is more difficult to trace a marriage that took place in a Protestant church. Marriage bonds were prepared only for Protestant marriages by licence. The groom was required to enter into a bond with one or two people (sureties) who knew him and who were prepared to guarantee to the Crown that there was no legal impediment to the marriage. After obtaining the bond, a licence was issued and the marriage took place a few days later. A marriage bond included the following information: Name of the future husband, Name of the future wife, Their place of residence, Names of the sureties, Date and place where the bond was issued. As the marriage bond was usually issued a few days prior to the actual wedding ceremony, it can indicate the approximate date and place of marriage. Unfortunately, marriage licences issued prior to 1867 were not retained.”