United States Census 1840 is a free collection at FamilySearch with an index and images with records of people living in the United States in 1840. This was the sixth national census of the United States. The first census was in 1790. The index is provided by Ancestry.

 

You’ll need to be logged in with a free FamilySearch account to search these records. It’s easy to register for a free account at FamilySearch.

 

 

What Can I Learn from Census Records?

 

These records may include:

  • City, County and state in which census was taken
  • Name of head of household
  • Number of free white males and females under the age of 5
  • Number of free white males and females between the ages of 5-10
  • Number of free white males and females between the ages of 10-15
  • Number of free white males and females between the ages of 15-20
  • Number of free white males and females between the ages of 20-30
  • Number of free white males and females between the ages of 30-40
  • Number of free white males and females between the ages of 40-50
  • Number of free white males and females between the ages of 50-60
  • Number of free white males and females between the ages of 60-70
  • Number of free white males and females between the ages of 70-80
  • Number of free white males and females between the ages of 80-90
  • Number of free white males and females between the ages of 90-100
  • Number of free white males and females age 100 or older
  • Sometimes, the name and age of Revolutionary War pensioners

 

 

How Can Census Records Help Me Find Other Records?

 

With information from these records you may be able to:

  • Use the age categories to determine an approximate birth date range
  • Use the residence to locate other records such as land, probate, tax, and church records
  • Continue to search the index and records to identify other relatives
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
  • You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination
  • Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur

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