United States Census 1870 is a free collection at FamilySearch with a name-searchable index and images with records of people living in the United States in 1870. This was the ninth national census of the United States. The first census was in 1790.


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What Can I Learn from Census Records?


These records may include:

  • Town/township, county and state where census was taken
  • Date of enumeration and name of post office
  • Dwelling number and family number
  • Name of each person in household
  • Age of each person in household (can be used to approximate birth year)
  • Sex of each person in household
  • Race of each person in household
  • Occupation of each person in household
  • Value of any real estate
  • Value of personal property
  • Birthplace
  • Was father foreign born
  • Was mother foreign born
  • Indicate month born if child born during past year
  • Indicate month married if person married during past year
  • Indicate if person attended school during past year
  • Is person able to read and write
  • Is person “deaf and dumb, blind, insane or idiotic”
  • Male citizens of United States of 21 years of age and upwards
  • Male citizens of United States of 21 years of age and upwards, whose right to vote is denied or abridged on other grounds than rebellion or other crime



How Can Census Records Help Me Find Other Records?


With information from these records you may be able to:

  • Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date
  • Use the age and residence to locate the family in church and land records
  • Continue to search the index and records to identify other relatives
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
  • You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination
  • Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur


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