United States Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War, 1890 is a free collection at FamilySearch with a name-searchable index and images of records of Union veterans and widows of veterans of the Civil War (Union Army and Navy and widows). Some returns include U.S. Naval Vessels and Navy Yards.


This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Indexed data and browse are available for the following: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, and Virginia. Slave schedules are not available for other states.


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What Can I Learn from Veteran & Widow Schedules?


These records may include:


  • State, county and enumeration district where census was taken
  • Date census was taken
  • Full name of head of household
  • Names of all persons living in household
  • Was head of household a participant in the Civil War
  • Relationship of person to head of household
  • Race
  • Gender
  • Age at nearest birthday, if under 1 year, it is given in months
  • Marital status (single, married, widowed or divorced)
  • Married during the census year?
  • Mother of how many children
  • How many are still living
  • Place of birth given for each member of household
  • Birthplace of father of each person
  • Birthplace of mother of each person
  • Number of years having lived in the United States
  • Naturalized citizen?
  • Profession/occupation
  • Able to read, write and speak English
  • Ever been a prisoner, convict, homeless or a pauper

Veterans and widows

  • State, county and district where census was taken
  • Date census was taken
  • Full name of surviving soldier, sailor, marine, or widow
  • Rank, company, regiment or vessel
  • Date of enlistment
  • Date of discharge
  • Length of service in years, months, and days



How Can Veteran & Widow Schedules Help Me Find Other Records?


With information from these records you may be able to:

  • Use the estimated birth year to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedmen’s Bureau or Indian censuses
  • Use the military service information to locate their military files in the State or National Archives



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