United States Census (Slave Schedule) 1850 is a free collection at FamilySearch with a name-searchable index and images of slave records listing slave owners and the age, gender, and color of slaves in the census states or territories in 1850.
This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Indexed data and browse are available for the following: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, and Virginia. Slave schedules are not available for other states.
You’ll need to be logged in with a free FamilySearch account to search these records. It’s easy to register for a free account at FamilySearch.
What Can I Learn from Slave Schedules?
- Name of slave owner
- Number of slaves owned
- Age, gender, and color of slave
- If slave is a fugitive, from what state
- Has slave been emancipated
- Very few schedules list the names of the slaves
How Can Slave Schedules Help Me Find Other Records?
With information from these records you may be able to:
- Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners
- Use the slave schedules with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves