United States Census (Slave Schedule) 1860 is a free collection at FamilySearch with images of slave records listing slave owners and the age, gender, and color of slaves in the census states or territories in 1860.

 

Slave schedules for 1860 exist for the following and are not available for any other states:

  • Alabama, rolls 27-36

  • Arkansas, roll 53-54

  • Delaware, roll 100

  • District of Columbia, roll 105, Georgetown and City of Washington

  • Florida, roll 110

  • Georgia, rolls 142-153

  • Kentucky, rolls 401-406

  • Louisiana, rolls 427-431

  • Maryland, rolls 484-485

  • Mississippi, rolls 595-604

  • Missouri, rolls 661-664

  • North Carolina, rolls 920-927

  • South Carolina, rolls 1229-1238

  • Tennessee, rolls 1281-1286

  • Texas, rolls 1309-1314

  • Utah Territory

  • Virginia, rolls 1386-1397

While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered from less than one to nearly fifty percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).

 

You’ll need to be logged in with a free FamilySearch account to search these records. It’s easy to register for a free account at FamilySearch.

 

 

What Can I Learn from Slave Schedules?

 

These records may include:

  • Name of slave owner
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Age, gender, and color of slave
  • If slave is a fugitive, from what state
  • Has slave been emancipated
  • Very few schedules list the names of the slaves

 

 

How Can Slave Schedules Help Me Find Other Records?

 

With information from these records you may be able to:

  • Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners
  • Use the slave schedules with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves

 

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