United States, Freedmen’s Bureau Marriages, 1861-1872 is a free collection at FamilySearch with a searchable index of marriage records for African Americans freed after the US Civil War. These are valuable records for African Americans because for many it will be the first physical record of their birth, marriage, and the names, ages, and the number of their children. Many of the records link to the image and the image contains more complete information than the index.

 

You’ll need to be logged in with a free FamilySearch account to search these records. It’s easy to register for a free account at FamilySearch.

 

[su_heading size=”18″]What Can I Learn from US Freedmen’s Bureau Marriage Records?[/su_heading]

Each marriage record contains some or all of the following information:

  • Date marriage was registered
  • Name and residence of groom
  • Groom’s age and color
  • Color of groom’s parents
  • How many years lived with another woman
  • Cause of the separation
  • Number of children by former companion
  • Name and residence of bride
  • Bride’s age and color
  • Color of bride’s parents
  • How many years lived with another man
  • Cause of the separation
  • Number of children by former companion
  • Number of children with present companion
  • Name of officiating minister
  • Sometimes, names and ages of children

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