United States, Native American, Eastern Cherokee Indian Reservation Rolls, 1848-1970 is a free collection at FamilySearch with a name-searchable index and browsable images for the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians as well as those claiming to be members of that band who had applied for enrollment.


Each of the Eastern Cherokee census rolls was compiled for different administrative reasons, had a different format, and contained different amounts of information. Most of the rolls were made to determine eligibility for payments due under provisions of the 1835 treaty, or were receipt rolls for per capita payments made to tribal members. Some of the rolls are copies that were used by enrolling agents to assist them in their work. Most of the rolls are arranged by geographical location of residence, and most include alphabetical indexes of the names of persons enrolled. The collection was originally microfilmed by the North Carolina State Archives.


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What Can I Learn from Census Schedules?


These records may include:

  • The Cherokee roll number
  • The Council roll number
  • The Native American name of the individual
  • The English name of the individual
  • Relationships to the head of household
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Parent’s roll number
  • Present residence
  • Any remarks made by the census taker
  • The names of individuals
  • The number of males and females in the home
  • The number of slaves
  • The number of various livestock


How Can Census Records Help Me Find Other Records?


With information from these records you may be able to:

  • If the individual or family or listed in the reservation rolls, check for additional tribal records
  • Learn about tribal customs such as inheritance
  • Contact the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), or an agency associated with the tribe
  • Contact Tribal archives and libraries


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